Information accessibility means ensuring that people with disabilities have access to information and communications on an equal basis with others.
Examples of accessible information and communication include providing information and communication materials in alternative formats. This means producing formats that are accessible for people with different types of disability by using simple and easy-to-read language, Braille, large font sizes, audio tapes or CDs, or electronic files that are readable by screen readers, for example. Moreover, formatting, quality of paper, images and text need to be considered. It is important to note that although not all persons with visual impairments can read Braille, it is often the only format that some people, such as those who are deaf blind, can use to access certain types of information.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a set of web accessibility standards, including accessibility of web software. One of the organizations’ primary goals is to make the web available to all people, whatever their hardware, software, network infrastructure, native language, culture, geographical location, or physical or mental ability.
The Global Initiative for Inclusive ICTs (g3ict) is an advocacy initiative to promote accessible ICTs. Among some of its initiatives is an e-Accessibility Toolkit for Persons with Disabilities